About the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act of 1986 is a federal law that provides money for homeless shelter programs. "Homeless" children are also entitled to the protections of the McKinney-Vento Act.
The McKinney-Vento Act defines homeless children as "individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence." The act provides examples of children who would fall under this definition:
- Children who share the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship or similar reason;
- Children living in "motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camp grounds due to lack of alternative accommodations"
- Children living in "emergency or transitional shelters"
- Children whose primary nighttime residence is not ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation (e.g. park benches, etc)
- Children living in "cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations…"
- Migratory children and youth living in any of the above situations.
The McKinney-Vento Act ensures homeless children transportation to and from school free of charge, allowing children to attend their school of origin (last school enrolled or the school they attended when they first become homeless) regardless of what district the family resides in. It requires schools to register homeless children even if they lack normally required documents, such as immunization records or proof of residence.
Washington State's Role
The McKinney-Vento Act is a conditional funding act—the federal government gives grants to states and, in return, the grantee states are bound by the terms of the act. If a state chooses not to accept federal funds for these purposes, it does not have to implement the act.
To implement the McKinney-Vento Act, the state must designate a statewide homeless coordinator to review policies and create procedures, including dispute resolution procedures, to ensure that homeless children are able to attend school.
School Districts' Responsibilities Local school districts must appoint a liaison contact to ensure that school staff are aware of these rights, to provide public notice to homeless families (at shelters and at school) and to facilitate access to school and transportation services.
Brewster School District’s Liaison:
Homeless Education Contact for Brewster School District is Dianne Roys Johnson. She can be reached at 509-689-2581 ext.2610 or firstname.lastname@example.orgChild Find
Child Find is a national program available through the public schools to identify those with special needs. Toddlers as well as school-aged children are eligible for this free service.
Any child may qualify for free services if they have delays in speech, language, fine motor, gross motor and/or learning, or if their learning is impacted by vision, hearing and/or mobility limitations. All school districts within Washington State have Child Find screenings available. If your family is living in a temporary situation, you may contact the district where you are staying to attend a screening.
Please call Estella Martinez at 689-2581, Extension 613 to schedule an appointment.
Child Find es un programa nacional disponible a traves de las escuelas publicas para identificar a las personas con necesidades especials. Los ninos pequenos y ninos en edad escolar son elegibles para este servicio gratuito.
Los ninos pueden calificar para los servicios gratuito si tienen retrasos en el habla, lenguje, motricidad fina, motricidad gruesa y / o apprendizaje, o sis u apprendizaje se ve afectado por la vision, la audicion y limitaciones de movilidad. Todos los distritos escolares dentro del estado de Washington tienen disponible la evaluación para la detección de casos. Si su familia vive en un alojamiento temporal, puede ponerse en contacto con el distrito donde se encuentra para que le realicen la evaluación.
Por favor llame a Estella Martinez en 689-2581, Extension 613 para programar una cita.